The ‘Contextual Modernism’ in the Silk Paintings of Maniklal Banerjee

Ashmita Mukherjee

Research Scholar, Jadavpur University. Email:

 Volume 1, Number 2, 2017 I Full Text PDF

DOI: 10.21659/cjad.12.v1n205


The paper tries to analyze the silk paintings of Maniklal Banerjee (1917-2002) who was greatly influenced by the artists of the so-called Bengal school of art. The school started by Abanindranath Tagore did not remain confined to its own time and space, but grew into dynamic new modernisms over a span of nearly a century. Art historian Sivakumar invoked a number of artists of Santiniketan and called it a “contextual modernism”. The paper tries to re-read the spirit of Santiniketan artists on the more recent and un-researched art of Maniklal Banerjee- who contextualized in his own way the Bengal ‘school’ that had by now turned into a ‘movement’. The spirit of freedom runs at the core of this movement and finds a new language in the late twentieth century artist’s renderings of daily life and Puranic narrations.

Keywords: Bengal School, Maniklal Banerjee, Abanindranath Tagore, Nandalal Bose, Indian art, Puranic art, aesthetics

Interface between Dance and Design: Concepts, Dimensions and Illustrations

Ojasi Sukhatankar
Independent Researcher

 Volume 6, Number 3, 2016 I Full Text PDF

Article DOI:  10.21659/chitro.v6n3.04

Received October 06, 2016;
Revised October 16, 2016;
Accepted October 19, 2016;
Published October 22, 2016


The discipline of dance is not as narrow as one usually tends to suppose. Its interdisciplinary study with other non-dance disciplines such as design can open new insights of creativity for dancers as well as designers. This article explains how both dance and design make use of four core concepts, namely body, space, time, and aesthetics. It also explains how aesthetic experience, its creation, expression and communication made via a dance-item, is analogous with that of a designed artifact. Taking one illustration from each discipline, the article further reveals how both dance and design are a mode of non-verbal communication to viewers. Lastly the article shows that a conscious embedding of design in every dance-pose and dance-movement brings in it one of its most important factors, the aesthetics, without which dance cannot be complete. The author believes that the interdisciplinary research undertaken in this article will enhance theoretical and practical understanding of aesthetics to benefit students, teachers and researchers of both disciplines while they work creatively in their individual fields of work.

Keywords: Aesthetics, Body, Communication, Dance, Design, Expression, Space, Time



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