Native Tradition and Changing Market Dynamics: The Future Sustainability of Hajo and Sarthebari Metal Crafts

Lakhimi Jogendranath Chutia1 & Mrinmoy K Sarma2

1Research Scholar, Tezpur University, Assam, email:

2Professor, Tezpur University, Assam, email:

 Volume 1, Number 2, 2017 I Full Text PDF

DOI: 10.21659/cjad.12.v1n201


The article deliberates over the issue of sustainability of traditional crafts from the economic as well as tradition point of view. In the age of global competition when the world has become a small trading community, handicraft artisans constantly compete with machine made products and struggle for the sustenance of their age old traditional industries. The traditional brass and bell metal sector of Sarthebari and Hajo in Assam is going through a similar fate. Changing functional requirements and aesthetics orientation of modern customers are pressing artisans to modify certain traditional features of the crafts and innovate according to market demand. In addition to this, unrestricted flow of imported metal items also offers tough competition to the indigenous sector. Artisans complying with existing needs of customers, comparatively, do well in economic terms than those producing age-old products. As noticed, artisans also seem to continue the craft in future and encourage their kith and kin to undertake the occupation, since they find it a reliable income source. Meanwhile, change in archaic design and make of metal items raises the issue of sustainability of tradition. However, it is important to understand if harping on to tradition overlooking economic sustainability of producer of the craft can ensure the sustainable growth of the sector. The paper thus aims to highlight the present scenario of the industry and its future scope for sustainability by taking into consideration the artisans’ and market viewpoint. It extends suggestions based on the information gathered from the market and producer to ensure sustainability of the art and the artisan.

Keywords: Sustainability, traditional, economic, brass and bell metal crafts, artisans, Assam

Future Visions of the Asian City: Scenario Art and the Utopian-Dystopian Spectrum

Nanthawan Kaenkaew1, Wiporn Kanjanakaroon2, Kanang Kantamaturapoj2, Wannipol Mahaarcha2, *Alan Marshall2, Thamakorn Siritorn2, Patranit Srijuntrapun2, and Yanna Somnas2

1Computer Science Program, Faculty of Science and Technology,  Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University, Bangkok, 10300, Thailand.
2 Environmental Social Sciences Program , Faculty of Social Sciences & Humanities,
Mahidol University , Salaya, Nakhon Pathom, 73170, Thailand.
*Corresponding Author:

Volume 6, Number 3, 2016 I Full Text PDF

Article DOI:  10.21659/chitro.v6n3.06

Received September 01, 2016;
Accepted October 19, 2016;
Published October 22, 2016.


 The futures of four different cities, from around Asia, are outlined via visual means using scenario art and interpretive written support. These four cities are: Dhaka (Bangladesh), Altay (Mongolia), Chongqing (China), and Bangalore (India). Their futures are presented in utopian terms, whereby each city aims to be something of an example of an ‘ideal city’ exhibiting widely-shared, socially-benevolent characteristics along with a marked degree of environmental welfare plus an abundant array of city-transforming mega-technology. In the vein of many previous utopian expressions, we offer some explanation about the way each of these four city arrive at a utopian status (by the start of the 22nd Century) along with a description about the social, technological and economic background that may be present then and there. What emerges from this study are four versions of future Green cities that span the spectrum from ‘ecotopia’ to ‘technotopia’ and from ‘utopia’ to ‘dystopia’. This process ends up outlining, via art and design, some of the choices that many future Asian cities may have to involve themselves with as they work to survive the global environmental crisis and become more livable and more sustainable.

 Keywords: Eco-City, Smart-City, Future, Asia, Utopia, Sustainability